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IN Science K-5 Framework


Standard Description
K.PS.1 Plan and conduct an investigation using all senses to describe and classify different kinds of objects by their composition and physical properties. Explain these choices to others and generate questions about the objects. Lessons
K.PS.2 Identify and explain possible uses for an object based on its properties and compare these uses with other students’ ideas. Lessons
K.PS.3 Plan and conduct an investigation to compare the effects of different strengths or different directions of pushes and pulls on the motion of an object. Lessons
K.PS.4 Analyze data to determine if a design solution works as intended to change the speed or direction of an object with a push or a pull. Lessons
K.ESS.1 Make observations to determine the effect of sunlight on Earth’s surface and use tools and materials to design and build a structure to reduce the warming effect on Earth's surface. Lessons
K.ESS.2 Describe and compare objects seen in the night and day sky, observing that the sun and moon move across the sky Lessons
K.ESS.3 Investigate the local weather conditions to describe patterns over time. Lessons
K.ESS.4 Communicate solutions that will reduce the impact of humans on the land, water, air, and/or other living things in the local environment. Lessons
K.LS.1 Describe and compare the growth and development of common living plants and animals. Lessons
K.LS.2 Describe and compare the physical features of common living plants and animals. Lessons
K.LS.3 Use observations to describe patterns of what plants and animals (including humans) need to survive Lessons
1.PS.1 Characterize materials as solid, liquid, or gas and investigate their properties, record observations and explain the choices to others based on evidence (i.e., physical properties). Lessons
1.PS.2 Predict and experiment with methods (sieving, evaporation) to separate solids and liquids based on their physical properties. Lessons
1.PS.3 Plan and conduct investigations to provide evidence that vibrating materials can make sound and that sound can make materials vibrate. Lessons
1.PS.4 Make observations to collect evidence and explain that objects can be seen only when illuminated. Lessons
1.ESS.1 Use observations of the sun, moon, and stars to describe patterns that can be predicted. Lessons
1.ESS.2 Observe and compare properties of sand, clay, silt, and organic matter. Look for evidence of sand, clay, silt, and organic matter as components of soil samples. Lessons
1.ESS.3 Observe a variety of soil samples and describe in words and pictures the soil properties in terms of color, particle size and shape, texture, and recognizable living and nonliving items. Lessons
1.ESS.4 Develop solutions that could be implemented to reduce the impact of humans on the land, water, air, and/or other living things in the local environment. Lessons
1.LS.1 Develop representations to describe that organisms have unique and diverse life cycles but all have in common birth, growth, reproduction, and death. Lessons
1.LS.2 Develop a model mimicking how plants and/or animals use their external parts to help them survive, grow, and meet their needs. Explore how those external parts could solve a human problem. Lessons
1.LS.3 Make observations of plants and animals to compare the diversity of life in different habitats. Lessons
1.LS.4 Use a model to represent the relationship between the needs of different plants and animals (including humans) and the places they live. Lessons
2.PS.1 Plan and conduct an investigation to describe and classify different kinds of materials by their observable properties. Lessons
2.PS.2 Predict the result of combining solids and liquids in pairs. Mix, observe, gather, record, and discuss evidence of whether the result may have different properties than the original materials. Lessons
2.PS.3 Construct an argument with evidence that some changes caused by heating and cooling can be reversed and some cannot. Lessons
2.PS.4 Analyze data obtained from testing different materials to determine which materials have the properties that are best suited for an intended purpose. Lessons
2.ESS.1 Record detailed weather observations, including cloud cover, cloud type, and type of precipitation on a daily basis over a period of weeks and correlate observations to the time of year. Chart and graph collected data. Lessons
2.ESS.2 Investigate the severe weather of the region and its impact on the community, looking at forecasting to prepare for, and respond to, severe weather. Lessons
2.ESS.3 Investigate how wind or water change the shape of the land and design solutions for prevention Lessons
2.ESS.4 Obtain information to identify where water is found on Earth and that it can be solid or liquid. Lessons
2.LS.1 Determine patterns and behavior (adaptations) of parents and offspring which help offspring to survive. Lessons
2.LS.2 Compare and contrast details of body plans and structures within the life cycles of plants and animals. Lessons
2.LS.3 Classify living organisms according to variations in specific physical features (i.e. body coverings, appendages) and describe how those features may provide an advantage for survival in different environments. Lessons
K-2.E.1 Pose questions, make observations, and obtain information about a situation people want to change. Use this data to define a simple problem that can be solved through the construction of a new or improved object or tool. Lessons
K-2.E.2 Develop a simple sketch, drawing, or physical model to illustrate and investigate how the shape of an object helps it function as needed to solve an identified problem. Lessons
K-2.E.3 Analyze data from the investigation of two objects constructed to solve the same problem to compare the strengths and weaknesses of how each performs. Lessons
3.PS.1 Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence of the effects of balanced and unbalanced forces on the motion of an object. Lessons
3.PS.2 Identify types of simple machines and their uses. Investigate and build simple machines to understand how they are used. Lessons
3.PS.3 Generate sound energy using a variety of materials and techniques, and recognize that it passes through solids, liquids, and gases (i.e. air). Lessons
3.PS.4 Investigate and recognize properties of sound that include pitch, loudness (amplitude), and vibration as determined by the physical properties of the object making the sound. Lessons
3.ESS.1 Obtain and combine information to determine seasonal weather patterns across the different regions of the United States. Lessons
3.ESS.2 Develop solutions that could be implemented to reduce the impact of weather related hazards Lessons
3.ESS.3 Observe the detailed characteristics of rocks and minerals. Identify and classify rocks as being composed of different combinations of minerals. Lessons
3.ESS.4 Determine how fossils are formed, discovered, layered over time, and used to provide evidence of the organisms and the environments in which they lived long ago. Lessons
3.LS.1 Analyze evidence that plants and animals have traits inherited from parents and that variation of these traits exists in a group of similar organisms. Lessons
3.LS.2 Plan and conduct an investigation to determine the basic needs of plants to grow, develop, and reproduce. Lessons
3.LS.3 Construct an argument that plants and animals have internal and external structures that function to support survival, growth, behavior, and reproduction. Lessons
3.LS.4 Construct an argument that some animals form groups that help members survive. Lessons
4.PS.1 Investigate transportation systems and devices that operate on or in land, water, air and space and recognize the forces (lift, drag, friction, thrust and gravity) that affect their motion. Lessons
4.PS.2 Investigate the relationship of the speed of an object to the energy of that object. Lessons
4.PS.3 Investigate how multiple simple machines work together to perform everyday tasks. Lessons
4.PS.4 Describe and investigate the different ways in which energy can be generated and/or converted from one form of energy to another form of energy. Lessons
4.PS.5 Make observations to provide evidence that energy can be transferred from place to place by sound, light, heat, and electric currents. Lessons
4.ESS.1 Investigate how the moon appears to move through the sky and it changes day to day, emphasizing the importance of how the moon impacts the Earth, the rising and setting times, and solar and lunar eclipses. Lessons
4.ESS.2 Obtain and combine information to describe that energy and fuels are derived from natural resources and their uses affect the environment. Lessons
4.ESS.3 Describe how geological forces change the shape of the land suddenly and over time. Lessons
4.ESS.4 Develop solutions that could be implemented to reduce the impact of humans on the natural environment and the natural environment on humans. Lessons
4.LS.1 Observe, analyze, and interpret how offspring are very much, but not exactly, like their parents or one another. Describe how these differences in physical characteristics among individuals in a population may be advantageous for survival and reproduction. Lessons
4.LS.2 Use evidence to support the explanation that a change in the environment may result in a plant or animal will survive and reproduce, move to a new location, or die. Lessons
4.LS.3 Construct an argument that plants and animals have internal and external structures that function to support survival, growth, behavior, and reproduction in a different ecosystems. Lessons
5.PS.1 Describe and measure the volume and mass of a sample of a given material. Lessons
5.PS.2 Demonstrate that regardless of how parts of an object are assembled the mass of the whole object is identical to the sum of the mass of the parts; however, the volume can differ from the sum of the volumes. (Law of Conservation of Mass) Lessons
5.PS.3 Determine if matter has been added or lost by comparing mass when melting, freezing, or dissolving a sample of a substance. (Law of Conservation of Mass) Lessons
5.PS.4 Describe the difference between weight being dependent on gravity and mass comprised of the amount of matter in a given substance or material. Lessons
5.ESS.1 Analyze the scale of our solar system and its components: our solar system includes the sun, moon, seven other planets and their moons, and many other objects like asteroids and comets. Lessons
5.ESS.2 Represent data in graphical displays to reveal patterns of daily changes in length and direction of shadows, day and night, and the seasonal appearance of some stars in the night sky. Lessons
5.ESS.3 Investigate ways individual communities within the United States protect the Earth’s resources and environment. Lessons
5.ESS.4 Develop a model using an example to describe ways the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and/or atmosphere interact. Lessons
5.LS.1 Develop a model to describe the movement of matter among plants, animals, decomposers, and the environment. Lessons
5.LS.2 Observe and classify common Indiana organisms as producers, consumers, decomposers, or predator and prey based on their relationships and interactions with other organisms in their ecosystem. Lessons
5.LS.3 Use a model to describe that animals receive different types of information through their senses, process the information in their brain, and respond to the information in different ways. Lessons
3-5.E.1 Identify a simple problem with the design of an object that reflects a need or a want. Include criteria for success and constraints on materials, time, or cost. Lessons
3-5.E.2 Construct and compare multiple plausible solutions to a problem based on how well each is likely to meet the criteria and constraints of the problem. Lessons
3-5.E.3 Construct and perform fair investigations in which variables are controlled and failure points are considered to identify aspects of a model or prototype that can be improved. Lessons
SEPS.1 Posing questions (for science) and defining problems (for engineering) Lessons
SEPS.2 Developing and using models and tools Lessons
SEPS.3 Constructing and performing investigations Lessons
SEPS.4 Analyzing and interpreting data Lessons
SEPS.5 Using mathematics and computational thinking Lessons
SEPS.6 Constructing explanations (for science) and designing solutions (for engineering) Lessons
SEPS.7 Engaging in argument from evidence Lessons
SEPS.8 Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information Lessons