Standards in this Framework
|Use flowcharts and/or pseudocode to address complex problems as algorithms.
|Create clearly named variables that represent different data types and perform operations on their values.
|Design and iteratively develop programs that combine control structures, including nested loops and compound conditionals.
|Decompose problems and subproblems into parts to facilitate the design, implementation, and review of programs.
|Create procedures with parameters to organize code and make it easier to reuse.
|Seek and incorporate feedback from team members and users to refine a solution that meets user needs.
|Incorporate existing code, media, and libraries into original programs, and give attribution.
|Systematically test and refine programs using a range of test cases.
|Distribute tasks and maintain a project timeline when collaboratively developing computational artifacts.
|Document programs in order to make them easier to follow, test, and debug.
|Recommend improvements to the design of computing devices, based on an analysis of how users interact with the devices.
|Design projects that combine hardware and software components to collect and exchange data.
|Systematically identify and fix problems with computing devices and their components.
|Represent data using multiple encoding schemes.
|Collect data using computational tools and transform the data to make it more useful and reliable.
|Refine computational models based on the data they have generated.
|Compare tradeoffs associated with computing technologies that affect people's everyday activities and career options.
|Discuss issues of bias and accessibility in the design of existing technologies.
|Collaborate with many contributors through strategies such as crowdsourcing or surveys when creating a computational artifact.
|Describe tradeoffs between allowing information to be public and keeping information private and secure.
|Model the role of protocols in transmitting data across networks and the Internet.
|Explain how physical and digital security measures protect electronic information.
|Apply multiple methods of encryption to model the secure transmission of information.