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Standards Framework

for Texas Foundations of Cybersecurity


Standards in this Framework

Standard Description
127.769.1A (A) identify and demonstrate employable work behaviors such as regular attendance, punctuality, maintenance of a professional work environment, and effective written and verbal communication;
127.769.1B (B) identify and demonstrate positive personal qualities such as authenticity, resilience, initiative, and a willingness to learn new knowledge and skills;
127.769.1C (C) solve problems and think critically;
127.769.1D (D) demonstrate leadership skills and function effectively as a team member; and
127.769.1E (E) demonstrate an understanding of ethical and legal responsibilities in relation to the field of cybersecurity.
127.769.2A (A) identify job and internship opportunities as well as accompanying duties and tasks;
127.769.2B (B) research careers in cybersecurity and information assurance along with the education and job skills required for obtaining a job in both the public and private sectors;
127.769.2C (C) identify and discuss certifications for cybersecurity-related careers; and
127.769.2D (D) research and develop resumes, digital portfolios, or professional profiles in the cybersecurity field.
127.769.3A (A) demonstrate and advocate for ethical and legal behaviors both online and offline among peers, family, community, and employers;
127.769.3B (B) research local, state, national, and international cyber law such as the PATRIOT Act of 2001, General Data Protection Regulation, and Digital Millennium Copyright Act;
127.769.3C (C) research historic cases or events regarding cyber;
127.769.3D (D) demonstrate an understanding of ethical and legal behavior when presented with various scenarios related to cyber activities;
127.769.3E (E) define and identify techniques such as hacking, phishing, social engineering, online piracy, spoofing, and data vandalism; and
127.769.3F (F) identify and use appropriate methods for citing sources.
127.769.4A (A) identify motivations for hacking;
127.769.4B (B) identify and describe the impact of cyberattacks on the global community, society, and individuals;
127.769.4C (C) distinguish between a cyber attacker and a cyber defender;
127.769.4D (D) differentiate types of hackers such as black hats, white hats, and gray hats;
127.769.4E (E) determine possible outcomes and legal ramifications of ethical versus malicious hacking practices; and
127.769.4F (F) debate the varying perspectives of ethical versus malicious hacking.
127.769.5A (A) define cyberterrorism, state-sponsored cyberterrorism, and hacktivism;
127.769.5B (B) compare and contrast physical terrorism and cyberterrorism, including domestic and foreign actors;
127.769.5C (C) define and explain intelligence gathering and counterterrorism;
127.769.5D (D) identify the role of cyber defenders in protecting national interests and corporations;
127.769.5E (E) identify the role of cyber defense in society and the global economy; and
127.769.5F (F) explain the importance of protecting public infrastructures such as electrical power grids, water systems, pipelines, transportation, and nuclear plants.
127.769.6A (A) identify and understand the nature and value of privacy;
127.769.6B (B) analyze the positive and negative implications of a digital footprint and the maintenance and monitoring of an online presence;
127.769.6C (C) discuss the role and impact of technology on privacy;
127.769.6D (D) identify the signs, emotional effects, and legal consequences of cyberbullying and cyberstalking; and
127.769.6E (E) identify and discuss effective ways to prevent, deter, and report cyberbullying.
127.769.7A (A) define information security and cyber defense;
127.769.7B (B) identify basic risk management and risk assessment principles related to cybersecurity threats and vulnerabilities;
127.769.7C (C) explain the fundamental concepts of confidentiality, integrity, availability, authentication, and authorization;
127.769.7D (D) describe the inverse relationship between privacy and security;
127.769.7E (E) identify and analyze cybersecurity breaches and incident responses;
127.769.7F (F) identify and analyze security concerns in areas such as physical, network, cloud, and web;
127.769.7G (G) define and discuss challenges faced by cybersecurity professionals;
127.769.7H (H) identify common risks, alerts, and warning signs of compromised computer and network systems;
127.769.7I (I) understand and explore the vulnerability of network-connected devices; and
127.769.7J (J) use appropriate cybersecurity terminology.
127.769.8A (A) define malware, including spyware, ransomware, viruses, and rootkits;
127.769.8B (B) identify the transmission and function of malware such as Trojans, worms, and viruses;
127.769.8C (C) discuss the impact malware has had on the cybersecurity landscape;
127.769.8D (D) explain the role of reverse engineering for detecting malware and viruses;
127.769.8E (E) compare free and commercial antivirus software alternatives; and
127.769.8F (F) compare free and commercial anti-malware software alternatives.
127.769.9A (A) define system hardening;
127.769.9B (B) demonstrate basic use of system administration privileges;
127.769.9C (C) explain the importance of patching operating systems;
127.769.9D (D) explain the importance of software updates;
127.769.9E (E) describe standard practices to configure system services;
127.769.9F (F) explain the importance of backup files; and
127.769.9G (G) research and understand standard practices for securing computers, networks, and operating systems.
127.769.10A (A) identify basic network addressing and devices, including switches and routers;
127.769.10B (B) analyze incoming and outgoing rules for traffic passing through a firewall;
127.769.10C (C) identify well known ports by number and service provided, including port 22 (ssh), port 80 (http), and port 443 (https);
127.769.10D (D) identify commonly exploited ports and services, including ports 20 and 21 (ftp) and port 23 (telnet); and
127.769.10E (E) identify common tools for monitoring ports and network traffic.
127.769.11A (A) define what constitutes a secure password;
127.769.11B (B) create a secure password policy, including length, complexity, account lockout, and rotation;
127.769.11C (C) identify methods of password cracking such as brute force and dictionary attacks; and
127.769.11D (D) examine and configure security options to allow and restrict access based on user roles.
127.769.12A (A) identify the different types of user accounts and groups on an operating system;
127.769.12B (B) explain the fundamental concepts and standard practices related to access control, including authentication, authorization, and accounting;
127.769.12C (C) compare methods for single- and dual-factor authentication such as passwords, biometrics, personal identification numbers (PINs), and security tokens;
127.769.12D (D) define and explain the purpose of an air-gapped computer; and
127.769.12E (E) explain how hashes and checksums may be used to validate the integrity of transferred data.
127.769.13A (A) explain the importance of digital forensics to law enforcement, government agencies, and corporations;
127.769.13B (B) identify the role of chain of custody in digital forensics;
127.769.13C (C) explain the four steps of the forensics process, including collection, examination, analysis, and reporting;
127.769.13D (D) identify when a digital forensics investigation is necessary;
127.769.13E (E) identify information that can be recovered from digital forensics investigations such as metadata and event logs; and
127.769.13F (F) analyze the purpose of event logs and identify suspicious activity.
127.769.14A (A) explain the purpose of cryptography and encrypting data;
127.769.14B (B) research historical uses of cryptography; and
127.769.14C (C) review simple cryptography methods such as shift cipher and substitution cipher.
127.769.15A (A) define and describe vulnerability, payload, exploit, port scanning, and packet sniffing as they relate to hacking;
127.769.15B (B) define and describe cyberattacks, including man-in-the-middle, distributed denial of service, and spoofing;
127.769.15C (C) explain how computer vulnerabilities leave systems open to cyberattacks;
127.769.15D (D) identify threats to systems such as back-door attacks and insider threats;
127.769.15E (E) differentiate types of social engineering attacks such as phishing, shoulder surfing, hoaxes, and dumpster diving;
127.769.15F (F) explain how users are the most common vehicle for compromising a system at the application level; and
127.769.15G (G) identify various types of application-specific attacks.
127.769.16A (A) identify internal and external threats to computer systems;
127.769.16B (B) identify the capabilities of vulnerability assessment tools, including open source tools; and
127.769.16C (C) explain the concept of penetration testing, tools, and techniques.
127.769.17A (A) compare risks associated with connecting devices to public and private wireless networks;
127.769.17B (B) explain device vulnerabilities and security solutions on a wireless network;
127.769.17C (C) compare wireless encryption protocols;
127.769.17D (D) debate the broadcasting or hiding of a wireless service set identifier (SSID); and
127.769.17E (E) research and discuss wireless threats such as MAC spoofing and war driving.
127.769.18A (A) define application security;
127.769.18B (B) identify methods of application security such as secure development practices;
127.769.18C (C) discuss methods of online spoofing such as web links in email, instant messaging, social media, and other online communication with malicious links;
127.769.18D (D) explain the purpose and function of vulnerability scanners;
127.769.18E (E) explain how coding errors may create system vulnerabilities; and
127.769.18F (F) analyze the risks of distributing insecure programs.
127.769.19A (A) describe the impact of granting applications unnecessary permissions;
127.769.19B (B) describe the risks of granting third parties access to personal and proprietary data on social media and systems; and
127.769.19C (C) describe the risks involved with accepting Terms of Service (ToS) or End User License Agreements (EULA) without a basic understanding of the terms or agreements.